Although driven by exacting design specifications, a project`s true success is, more often than not, assessed based on budget management and fiscal efficiency.

Such targets are often conflicting and trough planning is required in order to reach both goals. Dynamic simulation is crucial tool for such scenarios, providing accurate benchmarks and various technical and economic options.

With Kleopatra®, simulation techniques reflect reality and experiments can be performed that would otherwise be too expensive or dangerous to simulate in real life. Kleopatra® is able to calculate the power consumption in various plant configurations in order to optimize profitability without compromising safety. The results are easy to understand as cost saving are displayed in the form of a pop-up meter designed to replicate a US Dollar or a Euro.

Of all the potential safety risks a tank farm faces, a pressure surge can be the most catastrophic. Pressure surges are caused by the change in a liquid`s velocity and are common occurrences for any plant transporting them.

The repulsion of a pressure wave generates a vacuum, reducing the boiling point of the fluid.

Spontaneous steam bubbles, or cavitation bubbles, develop when the boiling point falls below the ambient temperature. These bubbles implode with increased pressure and within seconds enormous acceleration and pressure arises resulting in a substantial increase in the stress on the plant as a whole.

These are serious risks for plants of all sizes and to some degree, are predictable in nature.

Dynamic simulation records the magnitude and extent of potential pressure waves. The calculation is subject to specific hydraulic system data and information. These are characteristics of the fluid, the pipeline (length, diameter, material and geometry) and further components of the plant (type, number, configuration, performance).

A trained designer can harmonize the combination of components with regard to hydraulic, mechanical and controlling aspects.

The system is further optimized by removing unnecessary components or by creating a higher integration of functionality in individual parts. CAD techniques are employed to visualize the simulation trough 3-D flow diagrams illustration.

All relevant pipeline parameters are assigned to the corresponding components. This includes the nominal width of the pipes (internal diameter), nominal pressure (maximum licensed internal pressure), relevant armatures for control and regulation of flow (various valves), safety controls and measuring outlets, flow rates etc.

With the start of the virtual product flow, a pop-up window plotter records data (e.g. pressure, flow rate) just as it would in the real plant. While changing parameters such as operational conditions or configuration of the plant virtually, the user can observe the consequences “live”.

Designed with robust visualization, Kleopatra®, enables an intuitive understanding of complex procedures and can be used as a primary support tool aiding in intelligent and informed decision making.